Code Switch

Code Switch
6:03 am
Sat February 22, 2014

Remembering Buddy Esquire, The King Of Hip-Hop Flyers

Buddy Esquire was a prolific handbill artist in hip-hop's early days in the South Bronx. He taught himself how to draw and different styles of lettering by checking out books from the local library — and his flyers are some of the only surviving documents from hip-hop's birth.
Courtesy of Cornell University Hip Hop Collection

Originally published on Sat February 22, 2014 4:12 pm

Forty years after its birth, hip-hop is everywhere, a global signifier of youthfulness and subversion and opulence and Americanness and blackness and menace, sometimes all at once.

But for all the glorification of hip-hop's early days in the South Bronx — the brilliant improvisation, the block parties — there isn't a whole lot of supporting documentation. A lot of what we know is from the fading memories of aging b-girls and b-boys who were present at the creation.

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Code Switch
5:09 am
Sat February 22, 2014

Iconoclastic Musician Takes Measure Of His Life: 'I Became A Fighter'

Fred Ho practices his baritone saxophone in a dressing room before a performance.
Joseph Yoon Courtesy of Fred Ho

Originally published on Wed February 26, 2014 2:43 pm

When I first walked through the door of Fred Ho's apartment in the Greenpoint area of Brooklyn, I asked, "How are you?" And he said, "Not good. I'm dying."

Ho has always been matter-of-fact and in-your-face. He painted himself green and posed naked for the cover his album, Celestial Green Monster. In the photo, he has a baritone saxophone placed strategically between his legs. He looks strong — like the Hulk.

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Code Switch
6:36 pm
Fri February 21, 2014

Asian-American Contestant, 'Villain' Of 'Jeopardy,' Set To Return

Game show contestant Arthur Chu with host Alex Trebek on the set of Jeopardy!
Courtesy of Jeopardy Productions, Inc.

Originally published on Mon February 24, 2014 1:55 pm

If there are any unwritten rules to playing Jeopardy! Arthur Chu may have broken them all.

During his four-day winning streak in late January, he sometimes interrupted host Alex Trebek and cut in before the host could finish a sentence. He often jumped to the hardest clues on the board first and furiously tapped his buzzer whenever he knew the answer.

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Faith Matters
10:59 am
Fri February 21, 2014

From Buddhism to Baha'i: Black Faith Spreads Across All Religions

Originally published on Mon February 24, 2014 11:11 am

Transcript

MICHEL MARTIN, HOST:

Let's turn to Faith Matters now. That's the part of the program where we talk about matters of religion, faith and spirituality. It's Black History Month so that got us thinking about the importance of faith to African-Americans throughout history and to this day. But a recent piece in the Huffington Post's religion section also got us thinking about how that faith practice is much more diverse than many people might realize.

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Law
10:59 am
Fri February 21, 2014

Voting Rights: Time To Think Differently For Those Who've Done Time?

Originally published on Fri February 28, 2014 2:18 pm

Transcript

MICHEL MARTIN, HOST:

I'm Michel Martin and this is TELL ME MORE from NPR News. We'd like to take a moment now to check in on the evolving debate over crime and punishment. Right now we want to focus on the voting rights of people who have served their sentences.

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World
10:59 am
Fri February 21, 2014

Being A World Away When Your Country Is In Crisis

Originally published on Mon February 24, 2014 11:11 am

Transcript

MICHEL MARTIN, HOST:

This is TELL ME MORE from NPR News. I'm Michel Martin. We'd like to start the program today talking about two disturbing situations from two different parts of the world that have been very much in the news this week. There are the violent protests in Ukraine that have been going on all week. More than 70 people have died there. And while the Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych and opposition leaders have reached an agreement to end the violence, tensions are still very high there.

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Barbershop
10:59 am
Fri February 21, 2014

Are The Barbershop Guys Sorry They Are Not Idris Elba?

Originally published on Mon February 24, 2014 11:11 am

Transcript

MICHEL MARTIN, HOST:

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Code Switch
7:07 pm
Thu February 20, 2014

For Abused Native American Women, New Law Provides A 'Ray Of Hope'

Deborah Parker, vice chair of the Tulalip Tribes of Washington state, reacts to President Barack Obama signing the Violence Against Women Act in 2013 in Washington.
Manuel Balce Ceneta AP

This Thursday, three Native American tribes are changing how they administer justice.

For almost four decades, a U.S. Supreme Court ruling has barred tribes from prosecuting non-American Indian defendants. But as part of last year's re-authorization of the Violence Against Women Act, a new program now allows tribes to try some non-Indian defendants in domestic abuse cases.

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Code Switch
5:46 pm
Thu February 20, 2014

Georgia Clears The Road For Confederate-Themed License Plate

The Sons of Confederate Veterans submitted this license plate design to the state of Georgia, which recently approved it.
AP

Originally published on Thu February 20, 2014 7:02 pm

The Confederate battle flag is back in the news in the American South, as civil rights leaders in Georgia decry the state government's approval of a new specialty license plate.

The design is actually an updated version of what has been available for years. The original had one small flag in the corner. This new version adds a background image of the Confederate emblem across the entire width of the plate.

The design was submitted by the Georgia chapter of the Sons of Confederate Veterans. Spokesman Ray McBerry says they see the flag as a symbol of their roots.

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Africa
11:39 am
Thu February 20, 2014

Former Gadhafi Basketball Player Recalls Escaping Libya

Originally published on Thu February 20, 2014 11:43 am

Transcript

MICHEL MARTIN, HOST:

We're going to turn now to a side of sports we do not often hear about. Now these days in the U.S. and perhaps the U.K., we talk about the ugly side of sports, but we're talking about hooligans who overreact after a game or maybe abusive coaches or poor personal behavior by players. Now, though, we are going to hear the story of an athlete whose love for basketball landed him in the middle of a civil war.

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Sports
11:39 am
Thu February 20, 2014

Russia After Olympic Hockey Loss: 'Like A Massive Death In The Family'

Originally published on Thu February 20, 2014 11:43 am

Transcript

MICHEL MARTIN, HOST:

This is TELL ME MORE from NPR News. I'm Michel Martin. Closing ceremonies for the Olympics are this weekend, but there's still plenty of action left in Sochi. So we're joined once again by William Douglas. He is a reporter for McClatchy, the news organization, and he's the founder and editor of "The Color of Hockey" blog. And he's with us once again from Sochi. Bill, welcome back.

WILLIAM DOUGLAS: Thanks for having me.

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World
11:39 am
Thu February 20, 2014

North American Summit Like 'A Long But Rushed Lunch'

Originally published on Thu February 20, 2014 11:43 am

Transcript

MICHEL MARTIN, HOST:

I'm Michel Martin and this is TELL ME MORE from NPR News. We're going to spend some time today talking about the U.S. relationship with Mexico. This after President Obama made a trip across the border yesterday to meet with the Mexican president Enrique Pena Nieto as well as the Canadian prime minister Stephen Harper. It was called the Three Amigos Summit. And here's President Obama speaking from the meeting.

(SOUNDBITE OF SPEECH)

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Black History Month: #AfroGlobal
11:39 am
Thu February 20, 2014

New Show Challenges Idea That 'Nobody Cares About The Caribbean'

Zahra Burton is the Host and Executive Producer of 18 Degrees North.
Dave Cross Bloomberg

Originally published on Fri March 7, 2014 2:49 pm

Former Miss Jamaica Universe Zahra Burton enjoyed being a local reporter in Kingston, but always dreamed of reporting in America. So she moved to the U.S., earned a Masters in Broadcast Journalism, and began an internship at Bloomberg. "Luckily for me, my dream came true," she tells NPR's Michel Martin.

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Music
11:29 am
Thu February 20, 2014

Bunji Garlin: Tears For Fears Reminds Me Of Childhood

Bunji Garlin.
Tee Murphy Courtesy of the artist

Originally published on Thu February 20, 2014 4:05 pm

Trinidad and Tobago is gearing up for its annual Carnival, and that means the sounds of soca music will fill the air.

But for Tell Me More's "In Your Ear" series, Trinidadian musician Bunji Garlin says soca is not always on his playlist.

Garlin says Black Eyed Peas Let's Get It Started helps him get "ready to party, get ready to move, get ready to get work done, get ready to get something started."

A star on the soca scene, Garlin also loves Tears For Fears Everybody Wants to Rule the World. "It just lifts my spirit," he says.

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Code Switch
11:55 am
Wed February 19, 2014

After Tour, Medal For WWII Japanese-American Soldiers Returns Home

The 442nd Regimental Combat Team, shown here in a 1944 photo taken in France, returned home from World War II as one of the most decorated U.S. military units.
Courtesy of National Archives

More than 70 years ago Wednesday, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed an executive order that led to the internment of more than 110,000 Japanese-Americans during World War II.

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Black History Month: #AfroGlobal
11:47 am
Wed February 19, 2014

Stromae's Lyrics 'Show A Different Vision Of The World'

Belgian music sensation Stromae acts as a mannequin in the music video for "Papaoutai."
Benjamin Brolet Universal Music France

Originally published on Wed February 19, 2014 1:42 pm

Paul Van Haver — the son of a Belgian mother and a Rwandan father — was raised by his mother in a French-speaking suburb of Brussels. He rarely saw his father, and he struggled academically. When his mother insisted he take up an instrument, he chose the drums.

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Can I Just Tell You?
11:47 am
Wed February 19, 2014

Michael Dunn And Miami Dolphins Show It's Time To Step Up

Originally published on Wed February 19, 2014 1:09 pm

Transcript

MICHEL MARTIN, HOST:

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Around the Nation
11:47 am
Wed February 19, 2014

'Loud Music' A Case Of 'Testosterone, Guns, And Florida'

Originally published on Wed February 19, 2014 1:09 pm

Transcript

MICHEL MARTIN, HOST:

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Health Care
10:47 am
Wed February 19, 2014

Red State Hospitals Pressured To Care For The Poor Without More Medicaid

Originally published on Wed February 19, 2014 1:09 pm

Transcript

MICHEL MARTIN, HOST:

This is TELL ME MORE from NPR News. I'm Michel Martin. We're going to start the program today talking about health care. When the Affordable Care Act was created, it required every state to expand its government-funded Medicaid programs - that's the program that provides health insurance to low-income people - but a 2012 Supreme Court ruling declared that the federal government cannot require states to expand their Medicaid programs.

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Code Switch
6:45 am
Wed February 19, 2014

'Crypto-Jews' In The Southwest Find Faith In A Shrouded Legacy

Rabbi Stephen Leon leads a Friday night service at B'nai Zion synagogue in El Paso, Texas. Leon has converted crypto-Jews in the region.
Courtesy of Peter Svarzbein/ mongovision.com

Originally published on Wed February 19, 2014 11:32 am

Code Switch has been writing about some overlooked cultural interactions that have helped shape what Jewish identity is today, and we continue the series with this post about the murky and fascinating history of crypto-Jews in the Southwest.

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Race
3:58 am
Wed February 19, 2014

Another Murder Case In Florida Sparks National Outrage

Bobby Worthy, President of The Justice League, leads a chant outside of the Duval County Courthouse during the trial of Michael Dunn in Jacksonville, Fla., on Saturday.
Reuters /Landov

Originally published on Wed February 19, 2014 7:50 pm

  • The Messy Backdrop of the Michael Dunn Murder Trial

The Michael Dunn case is of a type that we see with harrowing regularity. An unarmed black man is shot and killed by a police officer or a white person. The shooter says he felt threatened.

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Parenting
11:22 am
Tue February 18, 2014

Bringing Up Olympians: Athletes' Parents Shed Their Own Blood, Sweat And Tears

Originally published on Wed February 19, 2014 7:54 am

Transcript

MICHEL MARTIN, HOST:

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Law
11:22 am
Tue February 18, 2014

Verdict In Florida's Loud Music Trial Causes Uproar Over Self Defense Laws

Originally published on Wed February 19, 2014 7:54 am

Transcript

MICHEL MARTIN, HOST:

This is TELL ME MORE from NPR News. I'm Michel Martin. Today, we want to spend some time talking about that controversial verdict in the trial of Michael Dunn. He is the Florida man who fired into an SUV back in 2012, with four unarmed teenagers inside. He killed one of the teens, then-17-year-old Jordan Davis. Apparently, Dunn was angry because he felt the boys' music was too loud, and he decided they should turn it down. And then a verbal altercation ensued. That's why you might have seen this referred to as the loud music trial.

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World
11:22 am
Tue February 18, 2014

Is Egypt Cracking Down On Freedom Of Press?

Originally published on Wed February 19, 2014 7:54 am

Transcript

MICHEL MARTIN, HOST:

Switching gears now to a form of employment that has become increasingly dangerous in many places around the world. We hope you don't mind if we talk for a few minutes about our field - journalism. In Egypt, several Al Jazeera journalists are facing trial after weeks behind bars. They're accused of working with a terrorist group, among other things. In Iraq, there has been a spike in the number of journalists killed in recent months.

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Economy
11:22 am
Tue February 18, 2014

Long-Term Unemployed End Up Earning Less After They Get A Job

Originally published on Wed February 19, 2014 7:54 am

Transcript

MICHEL MARTIN, HOST:

I'm Michel Martin, and this is TELL ME MORE from NPR News. Now we want to take a look at the economy, and we wanted to focus today on people who have been unemployed for a while. There are currently 3.6 million Americans who've been unemployed for more than six months. That's according to the latest numbers from the Bureau of Labor statistics.

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U.S.
10:14 am
Mon February 17, 2014

Judge Paul Lo Representing Hmong Community From The Bench

Originally published on Tue February 18, 2014 10:55 am

Transcript

MICHEL MARTIN, HOST:

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World
10:14 am
Mon February 17, 2014

Friend Finds Humanity In The Death Of Journalist Daniel Pearl

Originally published on Tue February 18, 2014 10:55 am

Transcript

MICHEL MARTIN, HOST:

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Code Switch
6:03 pm
Sun February 16, 2014

The Origin (And Hot Stank) Of The 'Chitlin' Circuit'

The Royal Peacock in Atlanta was one of the more famous venues on the Chitlin' Circuit.
Libray of Congress

For many people, chitlins (or chitterlings) are a tasty (or, for some, nasty) soul food dish made out of pig intestines. If you can get past what they are (or how badly they stank when cleaned and cooked), then you can shake some hot sauce or sprinkle some cha-cha relish on top and dig in. There's even an annual chitlin' festival in South Carolina.

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Code Switch
3:12 pm
Sat February 15, 2014

Drive For Diversity, NASCAR's Commitment To Race

Darrell Wallace Jr., a graduate of NASCAR's Drive for Diversity Program, celebrates after winning the NASCAR Camping World Truck Series Kroger 200 at Martinsville Speedway on Oct. 26 in Martinsville, Va.
Robert Laberge NASCAR via Getty Images

Originally published on Sat February 15, 2014 8:18 pm

On Sunday, the K&N Pro Series East begins down in New Smyrna Beach, Fla. And if the track and pit look a little more diverse than they have in the past, that's in part because of a NASCAR program designed to entice different communities to try out the sport.

Market research says NASCAR's bread-and-butter fan base is about 60 percent male and 80 percent white, mostly from the Southern and Midwestern states. But as the country continues to become even more diverse, the sport is working to make sure its fan base is, too.

That's a challenge.

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Code Switch
10:53 am
Sat February 15, 2014

Walking Down The Widening Aisle Of Interracial Marriages

Kelly Mottershead and Louie Okamoto held a beach party last October for their wedding ceremony in Carmel, Calif.
Dana Barsuhn Courtesy of Louie Okamoto

Originally published on Sat February 15, 2014 12:13 pm

Editor's Note: Code Switch has been engaged in a month-long exploration of romance across racial and cultural lines. Follow the Twitter conversation via the hashtag #xculturelove.

The numbers are small but growing.

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